- Makes connections between oppression of nature and oppression of women
- Historically “woman” has been connected to “nature”
- “as woman is to nature, man is to culture”
- nature called “she,” mother earth
- see Naomi Klein chapter 5, section The Ultimate Extravist Relationship
- 1870s on, earth to be mastered and controlled – Bacon etc. rational, scientific thinking
- Feminists problemmatize terms “woman” and “nature”
- resist binaries and categorizations
- although some embrace the woman/earth connection
- See problem as ideologies that:
- treat women and earth as possessions to be exploited, used up, thrown away
- understand the world in terms of strict hierarchies and divisions
- see capitalism/competition as a “natural state”
- Instead, eco-feminists focus on
- diversity – of peoples, of plants and animals
- connection between humans and non humans
- sustainable living for humans only possible with sustainable living for non humans
- Eco-feminists range from
Mad Max: Fury Road some questions
- What are the pros of using a mass/popular culture franchise to discuss environmental themes?
- What are the cons of using a mass/popular culture franchise to discuss environmental themes?
- Are there contradictions in Mad Max Fury Road?
Mad Max: Fury Road and eco-feminism
- spawned a new feminist movie test – The Furiosa Test – here is the original Bechdel Test
- contains a explication/visualization of patriarchy: women, war-boys, and poor all exploited/controlled by the men at the top (literally at the top)
- pits violence/patriarchy/death against non-violence/co-operation and life/seeds
- although they fight, the women also resist killing
- explicit dialog, e.g. guns called anti-seeds, war-boy asked “who killed the world?”
- visual metaphor of everyone hurtling down road using up gas, even the women who can be read as the environmentalists
- metaphor of the women turning around i.e. not continuing down same road to destruction (thanks Mike(?))
- post-apocalyptic but not hopeless
- contradictory (?) messages:
- anarchic glory of the war-boys and their customized vehicles, we can enjoy this even if we condemn what they stand for
- SM overtones of Joe and his war party i.e. bearded accountant in suit with holes cut to reveal nipple rings – suggestion that we export domination and control from the real world to play?
Mass Media and Environmentalism
- What kinds of emotional registers do we find in mass media works that deal with the environment.
- Hope? Fear? Doom? Mockery? Death-wish? Shock? Awe?
- How effective are ecological messages in Mass Media?
- Mass Media is often read for repressed/subliminal content that reflects wishes, fears and anxieties of a particular society or period of history – (read Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams)
- e.g. monsters represent the marginalized, politically or sexually oppressed (African Americans, homosexuals etc etc)
- “last girl” in horror films or Lara croft in video games – gives teenage boys license not just to look at but to identify with a female body
- What are some other contemporary metaphors about our environment? How do they work?
Hope of the Day